3 Ways to Help Earn Potential Retirement Income

You’ve probably heard it over and over: The earlier you save for retirement, the better. But let’s assume you’re saving all you can. The next question is: Do you have a strategy for converting your investments into income in your retirement?

There are many approaches for potentially generating income, some are obvious, others less so. Many investors might want to consider a combination of strategies.

So let’s look at a few of the more common retirement income strategies. Oh, and we’re excluding Social Security or any private pension you might get (but those are important considerations). You’ll need to figure out what you might get from those sources to help determine just how much income you’ll need from investments to meet your retirement goals.

Dividend Generating Equities

Perhaps the most obvious approach to generating retirement income is by holding dividend-paying stocks or other equities, or holding mutual funds or exchange-traded funds that focus on dividend-paying stocks. If you find consistent dividend payers, you could consider this as a source of income every quarter.

While holding individual securities can result in a higher dividend yield than you could get from a fund, you also take on the risk of a company reducing or eliminating its dividend.

Fixed-Income Securities

Fixed-income securities – and mainly we’re talking about bonds – generally tend to provide a continuous source of interest payments, typically paid each month.

For this approach, you can use individual bonds or bond funds, which can hold hundreds to thousands of bonds. But holding individual bonds generally is riskier than holding funds; your lack of diversification can expose you to the various risks of holding individual bonds.  However, if you hold an individual bond to maturity you typically won’t lose principal – assuming the bond doesn’t default. If you paid $1,000 for a bond, you expect to get your $1,000 back, plus the interest accumulated while holding the bond.

Taking Capital Gains

While it’s common for retirees to collect dividends from stocks, some are reluctant to generate income by selling stock and taking capital gains.

“Selling shares to rebalance your portfolio could have an added benefit to retirees,” said Joe Correnti, senior vice president of brokerage product at Scottrade. “You can use the proceeds to generate income. You can focus on selling shares of investments that have become over weighted. Even in retirement, it’s important to keep your portfolio in balance.”

While on paper, there’s not a lot of difference between selling 2% of your portfolio or collecting a 2% dividend yield from your portfolio. But there might be practical reasons why you wouldn’t want to sell shares, including potential tax considerations.

Alternative Income Sources

There are a variety of other potential income options, including annuities and real estate. But those alternatives need to be carefully scrutinized. You could be taking on too much risk, or not getting an adequate return if you select the wrong products.

The Income Warning

Retirees can fall into a trap of focusing so much on dividends and interest that they lose sight of the investments generating the income. For example, junk bonds usually pay higher interest rates than investment grade bonds. But typically the risk of default is higher.

Alternatively, if you focus solely on dividend-paying stocks, you could be overexposed to the stock market.

“Just like it makes sense to consider diversifying your investments, it might make similar sense for retirees to diversify their income strategy,” Correnti said. “If you rely on only one strategy, you could end up falling short.”

Question: If you’re not retired, how do you plan on generating income? If you are retired, what are you doing?

Next step: Our retirement calculator  can help you determine whether you’re on track to meet your goals. 

Keep in mind that while diversification may help spread risk it does not assure a profit, or protect against loss, in a down market.

Bonds involve risks including, but not limited to interest rate risk, reinvestment risk, inflation risk, call risk, liquidity risk, credit risk, market risk, default risk, event risk, and a risk of loss of principal. New issue offerings are sold by prospectus or offering circular available at www.scottrade.com. Investors should read these carefully.

Investors should consider the investment objectives, charges, expense and unique risk profile of an exchange-traded fund (ETF) or mutual fund before investing. A prospectus contains this and other information and should be read carefully before investing. A prospectus is available through www.scottrade.com or through a Scottrade branch office.

Scottrade does not provide tax advice and the information contained in this article is not meant as a replacement for professional advice. Some of the information could vary depending on State laws and your individual situation. Please consult your tax, or legal, advisor for questions concerning your personal tax or financial situation.

The information and content provided is for informational and/or educational purposes only. The information presented or discussed is not, and should not be considered, a recommendation or an offer of, or solicitation of an offer by, Scottrade or its affiliates to buy, sell or hold any security or other financial product, or an endorsement or affirmation of any specific investment strategy. You are fully responsible for your investment decisions. Your choice to engage in a particular investment or investment strategy should be based solely on your own research and evaluation of the risks involved, your financial circumstances, and your investment objectives. Scottrade, Inc. and its affiliates are not offering or providing, and will not offer or provide, any advice, opinion or recommendation of the suitability, value or profitability of any particular investment or investment strategy.

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