Cost Basis FAQ
What does the tax reporting law mean for me?
As a part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, brokerage firms are responsible for reporting their clients' cost basis on covered positions to the IRS on their Consolidated Form 1099. This will ultimately simplify your year-end tax preparation because your 1099 will provide a complete, accurate picture of your cost basis and gains/losses for the year.
Scottrade is responsible for reporting the cost basis of all equity positions you acquire from Jan. 1, 2011, forward. Other non-equity investments were phased in as follows:
Jan. 1, 2012 - Mutual funds and most ETFs
Jan. 1, 2014 - Options, fixed income and other securities
Jan. 1, 2016 – more complex fixed-income securities and options issued as part of a fixed-income instrument
Scottrade will report to the IRS all positions in the above investment types that are acquired on or after the date listed.
What does 'cost basis' mean?
Cost basis is the value of an asset that is used to calculate capital gain or loss for tax purposes. For most positions, your cost basis will be the purchase price plus any commissions, and it will be adjusted for wash sales, corporate actions and/or return of capital during the time you hold it.
How will Scottrade calculate my gains and losses?
There are seven different tax strategies by which Scottrade can calculate your gains and losses on equities, and you may select which one we use on a trade-by-trade basis or choose a single method to be applied to all transactions. The available tax strategies for equities are FIFO (first in, first out), LIFO (last in, first out), HIFO (highest in, first out), Minimum Tax, Maximum Gain and Versus Purchase. For mutual funds, Average Cost is an additional method that can be selected. Each one has advantages and disadvantages depending on your personal tax strategy, and you can learn more about them in the Tax Strategies section of the Knowledge Center. Unless you instruct otherwise, Scottrade will use FIFO to calculate your gains and losses.
What do I need to do to choose a tax strategy?
To specify your tax strategy, also known as your 'tax lot relief' method, on a particular transaction, you will need to go into the Gain/Loss and Tax Center under the My Account tab in your account to make your selection. You will be able to make any changes you'd like from the day following execution up to and including the trade settlement date. For equities, the settlement date is two market days following the date the order executes.
After the settlement date of your trade, you will not be able to make any further adjustments to your tax strategy (covered positions only). That's why it is in your best interests to understand the tax implications of your decision at the time of a transaction.
What if I don't do anything?
Many investors will do nothing at all. If you do not make any changes to your tax strategy, Scottrade will use FIFO (first in, first out).
Where can I learn more about the tax strategies and when to use them?
You can learn more about cost basis and the tax lot strategies available to you in the Knowledge Center. It's important to understand the tax implications of the tax strategy you select at the time of your trade because you will not be able to make any changes to your calculation method after the trade's settlement date.
Where can I go for help?
Scottrade does not provide tax advice. The material provided in this article is for informational purposes only and Scottrade is not responsible for any errors or omissions. Please consult your tax or legal advisor(s) for questions concerning your personal tax or financial situation.